Coin From Independent Tibet
Within international law Tibet remains an independent nation under illegal occupation. As recognized by the US Congress:
“Whereas the United States should not condone aggression by accepting China’s claim to sovereignty over Tibet; Now, therefore, be it:
Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), That it is the sense of the Congress that Tibet, including those areas incorporated into the Chinese provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, and Quinghai, is an occupied country under the established principles of international law whose true representatives are the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan Government in exile as recognized by the Tibetan people”. (Emphasis Added) (Passed the Senate May 24 (legislative day, April 25) 1991).
The illegal nature of that occupation was also recognized by a conference of international lawyers which, apart from recognizing the “abiding desire of the Tibetan people for…the establishment of an independent Tibetan state”, also concluded that:
“Since the military action of 1949/50 Tibet has been under the alien occupation and domination of the PRC and has been administered with the characteristics of an oppressive colonial administration” . Emphasis Added. (Article 5.7 Conference of International Lawyers-Self-Determination and Independence for Tibet’ London 6th to 10th January 1993).
Historically Tibet enjoyed all the characteristics of a fully operating sovereign nation. Following the expulsion of Chinese forces, from Tibetan territory in 1911,the 13th Dalai Lama reasserted Tibet’s full independence internally, by issuing a proclamation, and externally, in communications to foreign rulers and in a treaty with Mongolia. Between that period and the communist Chinese invasion of 1950 Tibet was a de-facto and de-jure independent state.
A Treaty of friendship and alliance between the Government of Mongolia and Tibet (signed on February 2,1913, at Urga, now Ulaanbaatar).
With its own language, history, culture, governance, currency, postage and passport system Tibet was a free nation that engaged in trade with other countries and entered into a number of treaties. For a considerable period cartographers recognized Tibet’s independent status, and it was regularly featured on maps and globes.
Jamyang Norbu and the Rangzen Alliance have produced an excellent and highly informative pamphlet which documents a number of facts, that demonstrate beyond any uncertainty that Tibet was an independent nation. This highly readable and valuable information may be viewed and downloaded HERE or you may visit http://www.rangzen.net/resources/ for more material and other downloads.
Stamps From An Independent Tibet-Image Courtesy of Rangzen Alliance